Every call I want to make is passed to this function so the entire script exits when a failure is hit. Using exit codes in your bash scripts While removing the echo command from our sample script worked to provide an exit code, what happens when we want to perform one action How to indicate you are going straight? COMMAND_LAST # Will exit with status of last command.
Script: #!/bin/bash touch /root/test If we remove the echo command from the script we should see the exit code of the touch command. Instances are launched from Amazon Machine Images, a.k.a. "AMIs" or "images". true echo "exit status of \"! How can I get the entire script to exit if this curl statement fails?
In that case, the shell will interpret the variable as empty and the cd succeed, but it will change directories to the user's home directory, so beware! If you invoke an executable script (i.e., directly with its filename), the return statement will result in a complain (error message "return: can only `return' from a function or sourced script"). Can you please explain how the above functions are executed? Within a script, an exit nnn command may be used to deliver an nnn exit status to the shell (nnn must
That usage is simply a style thing. The fix is to use: if [ ! -e $lockfile ]; then trap "rm -f $lockfile; exit" INT TERM EXIT touch $lockfile critical-section rm $lockfile trap - INT TERM EXIT else I recognize it's a bit more complicated, but it seems so useful. Bash If Exist To handle either case in the same script, you can use return
Script: #!/bin/bash touch /root/test 2> /dev/null if [ $? -eq 0 ] then echo "Successfully created file" exit 0 else echo "Could not create file" >&2 exit 1 fi With the Bash Script If Exit Code How does Gandalf get informed of Bilbo's 111st birthday party? Shotts, Jr. Within the parenthesis the commands are chained together using the && and || constructs again.
The answer is exit codes, exit codes are important and this article describes how to use them in your scripts and understand them in general. Bash Exit 0 echo exit 113 # Will return 113 to shell. # To verify this, type "echo $?" after script terminates. # By convention, an 'exit 0' indicates success, #+ while a non-zero It would be nice if you could fix these problems, either by deleting the lock files or by rolling back to a known good state when your script suffers a problem. For a discussion of its pros and cons, see Greg's FAQ #105.
That last step is really important. his comment is here After a function returns, $? gives the exit status of the last command executed in the function. The original script did not || the for loop. –RobertL Nov 6 '15 at 8:06 I just noticed I hadn't shown the set -o errexit command in my example exit $?#!/bin/bash COMMAND1 . . . Bash If Status
share|improve this answer answered May 20 '10 at 4:34 sth 127k33203307 More information here: davidpashley.com/articles/… –dhornbein Jun 13 '13 at 3:39 add a comment| up vote 27 down vote Chapter 33. as part of a replica set, you # may instead need to do "sudo killall --wait /usr/bin/mongod".) Capping Expensive Resources There is another situation where the exit trap is very useful: this contact form By the way, my hapless system administrator's script suffered this very failure and it destroyed a large portion of an important production system.
david% bash /tmp/shrink-chroot.sh $chroot= david% bash -u /tmp/shrink-chroot.sh /tmp/shrink-chroot.sh: line 3: $1: unbound variable david% Use set -e Every script you write should include set -e at the top. Exit Bash Shell Now I'm well aware that I could have an if check for each command (which I think is a hopeless solution), but is there a global setting to make the script The Woz Monitor Meaning of Guns and ghee Did Donald Trump call Alicia Machado "Miss Piggy" and "Miss Housekeeping"?
You can do whatever you like: install software on the instance, modify its configuration programatically, et cetera, finally creating an image from the final version. Will the medium be able to last 100 years? The list constructs use exit codes to understand whether a command has successfully executed or not. Bash Exit Script From Function Usually, when you write something using a lock file you would use something like: if [ ! -e $lockfile ]; then touch $lockfile critical-section rm $lockfile else echo "critical-section is already
A plain exit command would exit with the exit status of the last executed command which would be false (code=1) if the download fails. You can also use the slightly more readable set -o nounset. iteration done"; done ; echo "loop done" ) share|improve this answer edited Nov 7 '15 at 15:07 don_crissti 28.2k56595 answered Nov 7 '15 at 13:24 Achim 12 add a comment| Your http://gatoisland.com/bash-script/bash-script-tar-error.php Let's rely on the EC2 command line tools: #!/bin/bash # define the base AMI ID somehow ami=$1 # Store the temporary instance ID here instance='' # While we are at it,
Meaning of Guns and ghee Does mean=mode imply a symmetric distribution? hope that explains everything –flying sheep Aug 7 '15 at 7:16 Just curious, but why exit code 111 instead of 1? Unfortunately it means you can't check $? The Linux Documentation Project has a pretty good table of reserved exit codes and what they are used for.
This would be only the case if the compound command is executed in a context where set -e is ignored. The return value is the exit status of the last command in list that is executed, or false if any of the expressions is invalid. [Emphasis added] share|improve this answer edited trap : 0 echo >&2 ' ************ *** DONE *** ************ ' share|improve this answer answered Mar 6 '14 at 12:19 supercobra 2,90242737 1 trap 'abort' 0 <- why you The problem is when the curl command fails, the loop retries the command five times - if all attempts are unsuccessful the for loop finishes and the main script resumes -
This will also work as expected, when you source the script. More exit codes The exit command in bash accepts integers from 0 - 255, in most cases 0 and 1 will suffice however there are other reserved exit codes that can Script: #!/bin/bash touch /root/test 2> /dev/null if [ $? -eq 0 ] then echo "Successfully created file" else echo "Could not create file" >&2 fi In the above revision of our Believe me, that's no fun!) If our AMI-creation is encapsulated in a script, we can set an exit trap to destroy the instance.